Joint pain

Pain in the joints takes a Position among the first painful symptoms, the painful sensations supply and problems with the musculoskeletal system. According to estimates by the doctors of this Problem, the half of the population of the planet is evolving almost. Often disorders of the joints begins with the people after 40 years. According to the statistics, aching joints at 50% of the people over 40 years, and in the ' 70s, and Symptom of the cases, is diagnosed in 90%.

joint pain1

The joint is the moving part that in all of his extremities. It is the connection of the two bones, and the movement is done by muscles and tendons. Pain in each of these parts of treated doctors, such as pain in the joints.

joint pain2

ETIOLOGY

In the joints can form pathological processes such as inflammation, sprains, fractures or problems with the metabolic processes. Symptom is characteristic for such diseases:

  • synovitis;
  • Bursitis;
  • Tendinitis;
  • Arthritis;
  • Gout;
  • Osteoarthritis;
  • rheumatoid or reactive arthritis;
  • benign and malignant diseases.

Provoke pain in the extremities can be various irritating factors, at this point you can also determine the risk group:

  • Age – older than 60 years;
  • Genetics;
  • Birth defects;
  • excessive exercise;
  • overweight;
  • Injuries and fractures;
  • the sexual affiliation.

Pain in the knee joint, the shoulder, Hand, or other places where there is connective tissue, and develop a disturbed blood supply of the synovial joint. This contributes to a deterioration in the Regeneration of cartilage tissue. The articular cartilage begins to break and even the bones, muscles and neighboring joints is damaged.

A common cause, the doctors to distinguish in the diagnosis of the disease, is the diet. Pain in the joints of this factor is less doctors showed recommend a diet as much as possible calcium, manganese, boron, phosphorus, silicon, and zinc.

The next important factor that people painful joints of the fingers and toes, is a little more active life-style. The limbs start to ache, because the man moved a little, because of what will be the production of synovial fluid, violated the metabolic processes.

The Person may also occur, functional joint-Wan syndrome, Stress and nervousness. Why are your joints in pain, the doctor may find, after investigation and diagnosis.

CLASSIFICATION

The Symptom manifests itself in the most varied forms and types, so doctors of the classification, which makes it possible to quickly determine, what kind of characteristic:

  • the nature of the damage – inflamed and non-inflamed;
  • wide Progression of Mono-, OLIGO -, and polyarticular;

  • for the localization – the General and localized.

During the development of many diseases, the patient's syndrome of various kinds and the time of the Manifestation to feel painful. Clinicians have 4 basic types of pain:

  • Hand lift;
  • Start;
  • nightly;
  • reflected.

PATHOLOGY IN JOINT PAIN

Often when a Person has pain in the Finger joints, so this could be the development of Arthritis. Inform the patient about the development of the pathology and other signs:

  • high temperatures;
  • Swelling of the tissue;
  • Heat in the joints;
  • the main load during the movement.

The disease arises in the Form of Mono - and Poly-Arthritis, which in case of damage of one or more joints.

Gout is recognized on a character of Mono-Arthritis. When the inflammation occur in a patient, the affected and adjacent joints. In the pathological process involved the entire body. Gout is characterized by the fact that the pain in the elbow joint shows sharp and intense.

Another common disease of the joints of the fingers is osteoarthritis. In old age, people of the elastic cartilage of the joint from damage, which gradually solidifies, and protects loses its former elasticity and is more vulnerable Phase. During the damage, RUB the cartilage, ligaments and tendons are stretched, which causes the amplification of the pain. Osteoarthritis can develop in any joint, regardless of its original state. Disease succumb to be able to fingers, elbows, spine, shoulders, knees.

Quickly this pathology can recognize some specific characteristics:

  • Pain and sensitivity of the affected area;
  • Bumps on the bone.

To resolve this Symptom, the Patient will need to reduce body weight, reduce the load on the inflamed joints, exercise, and pain relievers.

Another common Problem that manifests itself in pain, as osteoarthritis. He fabric belongs to the group of degenerative pathologies of the cartilage. Osteoarthritis is in large joints:

  • mastered;
  • Shoulder Blade;
  • the knee joint;
  • Hock joint.

The disease develops gradually. Here, the Patient can have a light crunch and felt pain in hip joint when walking. On the hyaline articular cartilage cartilage produced to appear micro-cracks, the to a rough surface. With the development of the pathology he is completely destroyed. In the case of joint previous mobility, increased stiffness and pain lost. The General symptoms symptoms added to and neurological.

Bursitis according to their appearance similar to that of Arthritis, so that at the first examination of the patient doctors, these diseases are often confused. In the case of the detection of this disease, the not have to ask the Patient why your joints ache because of the inflammation in the joint capsule. In the development of the disease the Patient feels, such additional characteristics:

  • Complaints;
  • the bias of the movements.

Often suffering is formed in the knee, shoulder or hip. It is an inflammation of the synovial membrane can cause skin damage, compressions or injuries.

Fibromyalgia – a disease that manifests itself by the unclear etiology. Characterized by a disease is severe pain in the muscles, in the joints, head and fail to sleep. With the progression of the pathology progresses, feel the patients. fatigue and impaired functionality of the gut

Of developing osteoporosis is by a decrease in bone density. In General, pathology of the menopause occurs in women in the post. Manifestation is based on the change in the structure of the bone tissue.

DIAGNOSIS

In order to determine, why was pain in the shoulder joint, foot, hip or Hand, the Patient has to strictly. the advice of a doctor The full examination of the body and the revealing of the pathology, surgeon, Internist, orthopedist, rheumatologist could perform. Diagnosis of the causes of the unpleasant characteristic consists in carrying out of laboratory and instrumental investigations: the blood picture; immunological research;

  • the experiment on the determination of antistreptolysin' ;
  • the attempt of the synovial fluid;
  • Radiography;
  • Tomography;
  • Myelography;
  • within the osseous phlebography;
  • Arthroscopy;
  • Discography;
  • Radio-nuclide research;
  • arthrography
  • Biopsy.

For an accurate diagnosis, a doctor it is important to collect the medical history. It includes information about the disease, infectious process, psoriasis, injuries, injury, diet and other data that can tell you about the etiology of the symptom. Thereafter, the patients, the implementation of the above-mentioned investigations depending on the suspected diagnosis is associated with it.

TREATMENT

In the development of the disease, the contactor is destroyed at the end of the cartilage of the joint. Through this process, the joint surface is deformed, and movement of a particular part of the body is limited. Pain in the knee or other extremities when walking reinforced, and gradually, the atrophy of the muscles of the limb develops.

Doctors prescribed to patients of pain in the joints, various medications and ointments, so that the treatment consists entirely of conservative methods:

  • nutrition balancing – reduce the amount of meat, salt and hot spices, increase the intake of vegetables and fruit, to consume less;
  • get rid of obesity;
  • do not abuse alcohol;
  • Sports – gymnastics, swimming;
  • make cold and warm compresses.

You can often find that doctors recommend to patients Folk remedies for joint pain. These include such ingredients and procedures include:

  • Compresses Quark,flour of mustard, bran, medicinal mud, potatoes;
  • Tinctures, juices, and tea made from dandelion, horseradish, elderberry;
  • Baths with anti-inflammatory essential oils.

Also, for the elimination of pain a great help mixtures and ointments from nettle, St. John's wort, yarrow, potatoes, and cabbage.

As for the traditional measures of the therapy, then doctors recommend to begin treatment according to such principles:

  • Use of painkillers;
  • the decrease in the inflammation;
  • stop degenerative processes;
  • the restoration of the musculoskeletal system;
  • Control of your life-style.

Choosing the perfect remedy for joint pain, patients methods drugs, surgical, physiotherapeutic and Rehabilitative. The effectiveness of the technique also depends on the stage of the pain and disease.

For example, in acute diseases, the Patient to the Blockade of nerve endings, which is an injection of strong drugs. After this procedure, the Patient for a long time, all symptoms and complaints to the movement.

In this method the doctors in rare cases. Part of every therapy, a medicine. You are the patient in every Situation and in the development of various pathologies. Person to use, recommended to use such drugs for the improvement of the General condition of the patient and pain pills for pain:

  • non-steroidal drugs;
  • Antibiotics;
  • Hormones of the adrenal gland and the;
  • chondroprotectors;
  • vitamins.

Eliminate pain attack can be of various preparations, intravenously, orally, or by local way. For the quick fight of a Symptom, it is recommended that the ointment of the pain in the joints on the Basis of natural components. From the above-mentioned ingredients of the traditional medicine, you can do at home a natural pain reliever. When unpleasant sensations, and sometimes prophylactically.

For the local elimination of the characteristic is also a patch for pain. It works according to the same Schema as the ointment. Apply it on the body of the inflammatory process, and preferably for a while, not making any sudden movements.

PREVENTION

Preventive measures of pain in the shoulder joint, the legs, the arms or the hip apparatus consists in the simple accordance with the right way of life. In order to reduce the chances of development of serious diseases, doctors recommend to do sports several times a week for half an hour. By such minor pursuits, you can prevent the inflammation of the joints.

It is also recommended that you choose the right products for the food, to fill the full of useful micro-elements and the bones and joints of the body necessary substances. At the slightest manifestations of discomfort in the limbs or muscle-skeleton System, you should immediately seek the advice of a doctor to prevent the development of pathology.

07.02.2018