Osteochondrosis in the chest
Thoracic osteochondrosis is diagnosed quite rarely because this part of the spine is suitable for minimal stress. The symptoms of this pathology are similar to those of other diseases. If you do not start treatment on time, protrusions will form first, and then hernias and malfunctions in the work of internal organs.
Definition of thoracic osteochondrosis
With osteochondrosis of the chest, severe and sharp pain occurs in the chest area. However, this symptom can also indicate pneumonia, ischemic conditions, gastritis, or pancreatitis. This makes it difficult to diagnose the disease.
Notice!In the chest area, the displacement of the vertebrae is observed very rarely, as this area of the spine is inactive.
Most often, osteochondrosis of the chest region occurs in people with a passive lifestyle. The patient has dystrophic and degenerative changes in bone and cartilage tissue. Against the background of osteochondrosis, other dangerous diseases can appear. For example pneumosclerosis, atherosclerosis or the formation of a malignant neoplasm.
A feeling of sharp pain in the chest and back occurs as a result of an intervertebral hernia.
Initially the bones are affected, over time the pathology affects the cartilage, connective and muscular tissues. When such a clinical condition occurs in a child or adolescent, their musculoskeletal system begins to age before they are fully developed. The disease is not subject to age restrictions and occurs with the same frequency in men and women.
Breast osteochondrosis has the following symptoms:
- Pain between the shoulder blades;
- Paresthesias in the throat, abdomen and chest;
- Sleep disorder;
- Violation of emotional state;
- high or low blood pressure.
Such signs of damage occur against the background of narrowing of the spinal canal due to dystrophic changes in the intervertebral discs, edema and the development of the inflammatory process.
Degree of thoracic osteochondrosis
Osteochondrosis of the chest region develops gradually. Each stage has its own symptoms. A distinction is made between the following degrees of damage:
- The first- There are no pronounced symptoms. Projections appear, the intervertebral discs become less elastic.
- The second- The elasticity of the intervertebral discs becomes less. The chest region becomes unstable, there is a risk of hernia formation. Pain syndrome and neurological signs of damage are observed.
- third- The pain is constantly increasing, an inguinal hernia is formed.
- Fourth- The intervertebral discs become completely inelastic. The destruction of the vertebral bone tissue begins. Neurological disorders are more intense.
It is impossible to get rid of the disease completely, especially in the latter stages. With the right treatment, you can relieve pain and eliminate neurological disorders.
Causes of occurrence
The main reason for the development of the pathology is the lack of nutrients in the intervertebral discs and the uneven distribution of the load. As a result of such processes, the course of metabolic processes slows down, which leads to the development of degenerative lesions.
Symptoms of chest osteochondrosis worsen in the late afternoon. In the morning, the pain will usually be much less.
Common causes of breast osteochondrosis:
- wrong posture;
- permanent sedentary work;
- Spinal injury;
- weak back muscles.
People who lead sedentary lifestyles are at risk. Such reasons provoke not only osteochondrosis, but also a number of other diseases of the spine. For example, protrusion of the breast region.
To diagnose the disease, you should consult an orthopedic surgeon. In addition to performing an external examination, he will prescribe a number of diagnostic tests that will help make an accurate diagnosis.
In most cases, an X-ray of the thoracic spine will be prescribed. If necessary, the doctor sends the patient for an MRI or CT examination. If you suspect a malfunction in the heart, an EKG will be done. Tests can be ordered depending on the patient's condition.
It is quite difficult to make a correct diagnosis with osteochondrosis of the chest. It can easily be mistaken for malfunctions in the gastrointestinal tract and nervous system. Based on the results obtained, the doctor makes a diagnosis and prescribes therapy.
Therapy for osteochondrosis of the chest should be comprehensive. It starts with medication, physical therapy, and exercise therapy. During the period of exacerbation of the disease, the patient must adhere to bed rest.
The doctor prescribes drugs that activate the regeneration processes of bone tissue. The following groups of drugs are taken:
- Analgesics- Relieve acute chest pain, improve the functioning of the respiratory tract and eliminate discomfort during movement;
- anticonvulsants- Effectively relieve muscle spasms;
- natural remediesthis allows you to hold fluid in the intervertebral discs;
- Vitamin complexes- Preparations that contain a large amount of B vitamins.
For treatment, drugs for external use are used. They have analgesic, warming and anti-inflammatory effects. Preparations in the form of an ointment are applied to the chest area and rubbed in circular movements. Such ointments should not be applied to the heart area.
It is recommended to use warming ointments to warm up the muscles and relieve acute pain.
The duration of treatment and the exact dosage of drugs are prescribed by the doctor depending on the patient's condition. Self-medication can lead to deterioration and development of complications.
In order to maintain normal spinal function, patients are recommended to take part in physiotherapy interventions. Most frequently assigned:
- Electrophoresis. The impact occurs with the help of a constantly weak electric current. The procedure activates the movement of medical particles.
- Ultra high frequency therapy.Ultra-high frequencies penetrate deep into bone, connective and nervous tissue. You are exposed to heat.
- Magnetotherapy.The procedure allows you to slow down the progression of the pathological process. The therapeutic effect is provided by an alternating or constant low-frequency magnetic field.
- Electrotherapy.For its implementation, low-frequency, pulse and high-frequency currents are used. It is recommended to combine pulse electrotherapy with electrophoresis and mud therapy.
- Shock wave therapy.Acoustic impulses penetrate the body to a depth of 6 cm.
- Ultrasound treatment.The impact occurs through ultrasonic vibrations that create micromassage.
- UV radiation.It can be regenerative, bactericidal, analgesic, and anti-inflammatory.
All types of physiotherapy treatments have a point effect and do not cause any side effects. Such procedures are painless and, in combination with the use of medication, lead to a good result.
REFERENCE!There are special devices that you can use to perform physical therapy at home.
Before using them, you need to consult a specialist.
To improve the patient's condition, the doctor prescribes physical therapy exercises and massage of the chest region. The simplest exercises can be done regardless of the form of the disease. Effective exercises:
- alternately lift each shoulder;
- Turning the head with fixation in different directions;
- Head tilts to the left and right shoulder;
- Head leans forward and backward;
- Circular movements with the shoulders.
While performing the exercises, the patient must monitor his health. When you experience severe pain and severe pain, you should stop exercising. All movements should be smooth.
During the treatment of osteochondrosis, it is recommended to perform a classical or acupressure massage. Therapeutic effect of the procedure:
- Elimination of pain in the affected area;
- increased muscle tone;
- Improvement of the lymph flow and blood circulation in the chest area;
- increased trophism of the intervertebral cartilage;
- Elimination of pathological muscle tension.
Massage improves the local metabolism. Manual meetings should take place regularly. They help prevent recurrence and further degeneration of the tissue.
A chiropractor can greatly improve your condition for a period of time and slow the progression of the disease. However, this is more of a temporary measure.
Alternative medical methods are sometimes used to treat chest osteochondrosis. For example acupuncture. Acupuncture involves the use of thin needles on active points. This procedure normalizes blood circulation, has anti-inflammatory effects and activates the process of tissue regeneration.
The patient feels relieved after the first acupuncture session. To consolidate the result, it is recommended to perform 10 procedures. This causes slight discomfort and red spots remain after removing the needles.
There are a number of traditional medicines that can be used as an additive. Before using them, you need to consult a specialist about their effectiveness and safety.
REFERENCE!One of the most effective home remedies for chest osteochondrosis is rubbing.
To prepare it, you will need vodka, iodine, analgin and ointment. The crushed tablets must be mixed with the remaining ingredients. The drug is infused for 2 days. It should be used to rub the affected areas. It is recommended to do the procedure daily until the negative symptoms are gone.
To relieve pain, you can use a homemade ointment based on pork fat, fir wax and ammonia. Cooking algorithm:
- The fat is melted in a water bath and mixed with wax.
- The mixture is heated for 20 minutes.
- Fir oil is added to the mass and heated for a further 20 minutes.
At the end of boiling, ammonia is added. The finished ointment is transferred to a glass. It is recommended to keep such a product in the refrigerator. The affected area should be rubbed every day before going to bed.
Honey, potatoes, garlic, horseradish, and herbs can all be used to treat breast osteochondrosis. Before using the home remedy, you need to make sure that there is no allergic reaction.
Prevention of chest osteochondrosis consists in regular physical activity and proper diet. During prolonged sedentary work, it is recommended that you take regular breaks to warm up. This can be a simple exercise or a walk. It is recommended to change positions as often as possible and not to overextend the spine.
You should eat right and monitor your weight.
REFERENCE!Being overweight can cause back problems.
A partial performance plan is recommended. It is necessary to monitor the amount of fluids you are drinking. Its deficiency in the body is dangerous due to dehydration of the intervertebral discs and the development of a pathological process in the cartilage tissue.
The diet should be high in protein. They can be obtained from fish, nuts, legumes and meat. Foods high in calcium, manganese and phosphorus strengthen and maintain the bone structure. For a normal intake of calcium, it is recommended to eat foods with vitamin D. These can be eggs, sea fish and butter.
As a preventive measure, it is recommended to have a back massage. It improves blood circulation and metabolic processes. Regular manual exposure eliminates muscle spasms and improves the body's performance. This makes the muscles of the spine stronger, which in turn relieves the intervertebral discs unnecessarily.