Causes of finger joint pain and possible treatment
Pain in the joints of the fingers can have many causes, and getting rid of them and treating such painful manifestations requires a serious approach. After all, pain can be a signal of the beginning of the development of a serious illness. We will discuss the characteristics of pain in the joints of the fingers in various possible diseases and their treatment later in the article.
Causes of pain in the joints of the fingers
The hand has such a wide range of motion that the word "helplessness" is synonymous with the phrase "no hands. "The perfection of the muscular apparatus of the hand and the flexibility of the fingers due to the presence of finger joints allow you to perform the most subtle manipulations. A musician can play musical instruments, a surgeon can operate, a housewife can knit. When a person begins to feel pain, the normal work of the hands is disrupted and it is difficult to perform the usual movements with the hand.
The causes of pain in the joints of the hands when bending and straightening the fingers can be different. Their list can start with traumatic injuries and end with metabolic diseases. In all cases, it is necessary to undergo a full examination, and then immediately begin treatment.
A severe systemic disease characterized by the pathological destruction of the body's own cells. This happens in most cases for unknown reasons. The onset of the disease can be triggered by a transmitted infection or an acute viral disease.
For some reason, the body's immune system begins to "see" the attacker in healthy cells of the joint tissue and begins to destroy them.
Fingers swell, hurt even at rest. The pain is often disturbing at night. The onset of the disease can be acute, redness of the phalangeal joints is observed, they are hot and dense to the touch. The temperature of the whole body may rise.
Arthritis or inflammation of the finger joints can occur as a result of the penetration of bacterial flora into them. Most often it is staphylococci or streptococci. Bacteria cause acute inflammation, which is characterized by severe swelling of the joints, redness and an increase in local temperature.
The pain syndrome is pronounced. Even at rest, the patient complains of twitching, stabbing pains. It is almost impossible to squeeze the brushes, an attempt to take something is accompanied by strong painful sensations.
Most often age-related, deforming disease of the joint tissue. It is mainly observed in women over fifty. This is due to metabolic disorders in the body caused by changes in hormone levels associated with menopause. Men are significantly less likely to suffer from this disease.
Osteoarthritis always begins insidiously, with slight difficulty bending fingers, slight stiffness in the morning. The pain is practically not felt at rest. As the arthrosis develops, the pain in the hands increases. Also, a finger hurts more and more. By the way, arthrosis is usually the cause of pain in the thumb joints. But over time, the entire brush is involved in the pathological process.
The cause of arthrosis is not only the hormonal background, but also some predispositions. With regular overloading of the fingers, the normal nutrition of the articular cartilage tissue is disrupted. With the first metabolic disorders, arthrosis begins to progress.
The cartilage in the joint becomes thinner and its lining is worn away by daily stress. Therefore, any movement begins to cause pain fairly quickly.
A person instinctively avoids finger movements to protect himself from pain. This causes dystrophy of the surrounding soft tissues and further aggravates the deplorable condition of the hyaline cartilage.
The joints become inflamed and, in advanced cases, become so deformed that the fingers completely lose their function.
This disease mainly affects men, since it is a direct consequence of a metabolic disorder. An excess of uric acid is formed in the body, the crystals of which accumulate in the joint cavity. Almost always only one joint in the arm is affected and the disease progresses very quickly.
Most often, the patient feels absolutely healthy and goes to bed. But at 3 or 4 in the morning he wakes up with excruciating pain in a swollen joint - it's a classic picture of gout.
The joint increases in size, turns red. It is impossible to touch, and painkillers are of little help. Such a strong pain syndrome is caused by the accumulation of sharp salt crystals (urates) in the joint cavity, which with every movement dig into the soft tissues and injure them.
Even after the uric acid level in the body has normalized, the joint looks a little enlarged for a long time. Subsequently, it is most likely due to him again that the next attack of the disease falls.
Stenosing ligamentitis of the ring ligaments of the fingers
Occupational disease that most often occurs in young people, whose work requires long-term and significant stress on the fingers resting on the palm. It is observed in tailors, electric welders, carpenters, etc.
Stenosing ligamentitis begins to progress as a result of inflammation of the ligament located at the base of the index finger. With the development of the disease, a "snapping" of the finger is manifested, when bending it is painful and difficult, and straightening it becomes almost impossible without the help of the second hand. At the base, instead of the inflamed ligament, a dense rounded formation is palpated. In thisIn the fall, the pain can spread to the entire hand, it can radiate to the neck Externally, the fingers look bluish, swollen.
Traumatic hand injury
Pain in the finger joints can be triggered by traumatic damage to the ligaments or tendons. If you experience pain from a fall on your arm or a severe bruise, it is important to contact a traumatologist so that the doctor can rule out a fractured phalanx or other tissue damage.
Compression of the ulnar nerve can lead to impaired blood flow to the fingers. The most common symptoms are pain and burning in the joints, numbness and pale fingertips.
In the case of nerve damage, severe pain in the joint area begins immediately after hypothermia, a stressful situation or an injury.
All diseases of the joints of the fingers are diagnosed by a doctor with a direct examination of the patient after a series of instrument studies.
With inflammatory joint diseases, a change in the blood count, an increase in temperature and a general deterioration in the condition are characteristic.
In degenerative diseases and injuries - changes in the joints: bone tissue and cartilage that can be seen on x-rays or computed tomography.
MRI also provides a complete picture of soft tissue changes in the case of tendinitis, ligament tears or muscle tears.
The symptomatology of gouty arthritis is confirmed by a high level of uric acid in the blood and the sex of the patient.
Since all diseases of the joints of the fingers are accompanied by a strong pain syndrome, the main task of the doctor is to reduce the intensity of the pain. How to treat pain in the finger joints? Depending on the cause of the disease, the following methods of treatment are practiced:
- With arthritis of infectious etiology, the doctor prescribes antibacterial drugs in tablets or injections, as well as local compresses and applications with dimexide. A good result will be the use of anesthetic ointments and gels, as well as strengthening drugs and vitamins.
- In rheumatoid arthritis, the treatment is complex and lengthy - often the drug is prescribed for life. In addition to cytostatics, the doctor can prescribe nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and, if necessary, corticosteroids. With a favorable course of the disease, long-term remission can be achieved.
- Colchicine is the only effective treatment for gouty arthritis. The connection between taking colchicine in therapeutic doses and subsequent liver damage has been revealed. Therefore, treatment with colchicine should be prescribed and strictly controlled by a doctor.
- To relieve acute pain syndrome, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs are used, as well as compresses with ointment and local applications with dimexide.
- Neuropathy is treated by eliminating nerve compression and taking vitamin complexes, which are very effective in all diseases of the peripheral nervous system.
In any case, the specialist will prescribe a strict diet that the patient must follow for at least six months. Then a person must lifelong avoid eating foods containing purine bases and, of course, abstain from alcohol.
Preventive measures to prevent the occurrence of diseases of the joints of the fingers should be as follows:
- The correct way of working, regular breaks to restore normal blood flow to the joints.
- Rational nutrition, including all the necessary minerals. If necessary, follow the diet prescribed by the doctor.
- Prophylactic intake of chondroprotectors after forty years and the inclusion of gelatin in the diet as a source of collagen.
- Timely and thorough treatment of infectious diseases.
The hand is a delicate and perfect mechanism, and each person's job is to keep it healthy. Therefore, it is important to understand that the joints of the fingers cannot hurt without a reason.
If you experience discomfort or pain in the joints of your fingers, especially if they appear suddenly and last a long time, you should undergo an examination. Diagnosis allows you to identify the causes and start treatment in a timely manner. Advanced cases, accompanied by joint deformities, are practically inaccessible to conservative methods of therapy and cause inconvenience and suffering to the patient.