Neck pain is a common symptom characterized by pain in the cervical spine. It is caused by mechanical damage or systemic diseases. A person complains that the neck hurts when bending and turning his head sharply. Acute pain can bother you for 10 days, then it goes away. If it lasts a long time and there is no rest, then you need to urgently seek help from specialists. You can undergo treatment for neck pain, diseases and injuries that provoke it in a specialized clinic.
Causes of neck pain
Pain in the neck occurs for the following reasons:
- acute torticollis - pain syndrome caused by injuries to the muscles of the neck, lifting heavy objects or staying in an uncomfortable position for a long time, usually disappears in 1-2 days;
- Wear and tear of the spine - deformation of the joints and bones of the spine;
- whiplash - a sharp movement of the head, damaging the tendons and collars;
- pinched nerve - cervical radiculopathy, which occurs against the background of damage to the intervertebral disc;
- cervical osteochondrosis - a disease of the spine, provoking degenerative-dystrophic changes in the intervertebral discs and accompanied by severe pain in the neck, radiating to the arm;
- Hernia in the cervical spine - a disease that leads to pinched nerve roots, neck and shoulder pain, decreased sensitivity in the arm and decreased muscle strength;
- Acute thyroiditis is a rare condition characterized by inflammation of the thyroid gland.
Causes of neck pain are:
- feverish condition;
- sudden weight loss;
- impaired movement coordination;
- physical fatigue;
- cervical injuries;
- vitamin B deficiency;
- violation of posture;
- genetic predisposition;
- Unhealthy Lifestyle.
Lymphadenitis, a complication of tonsillitis, is considered a common cause of neck pain in children. Discomfort in the head and neck area is noted when infection occurs. Intracranial hemorrhages, neoplasms, and abscesses can also cause a painful syndrome.
Types of neck pain
Depending on the location of the pain, neck pain is divided into the following types:
The pain is only in the neck area. When it spreads to the hands, this syndrome is called cervicobrachialgia. If it radiates to the head, it's cervicocranialgia.
Neck lumbago or cervical
It is characterized by sharp acute pain during movements of the neck and head. May radiate to the back of the head or thoracic spine. The duration of attacks can reach 10 days. In rare cases, the pain bothers 2-3 months.
First, the doctor conducts a visual examination and palpation of the neck to determine the nature of the pain and the cause of its occurrence. To confirm the diagnosis, the clinic performs laboratory tests, recommends that the patient take a simple x-ray if there is a suspicion of an injury or disease of the skeletal system, a computed tomography scan or an MRI if the specialist suspects that diseases of the cervical spine could be the cause of the pain. Electromyography is needed to check nervous system function.
In clinics, the cause of neck pain is determined using the following methods:
- MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)
- ultrasound (ultrasound)
- Duplex scanning
- CT scan
- Computer Electroencephalography
- Comprehensive examination of the body (check-up)
Treatment of neck pain
The therapy strategy is selected taking into account the pathology or injury that caused the neck pain. As a rule, conservative and surgical treatment is carried out using modern technologies. If the underlying disease can be cured, the patient is prescribed analgesics, glucocorticoids, local anesthetics, antioxidants and muscle relaxants. If necessary, antidepressants and anticonvulsants can be used. Painkillers are the basis of medical treatment to reduce pain, swelling and inflammation.
Physiotherapeutic procedures - osteopathy, physiotherapeutic exercises, neck massage, manual therapy will also help get rid of pain. Ultrasound therapy is recommended to relieve spasms and improve blood flow. The duration of the course of treatment depends on the severity of the pathological process.
If a patient is diagnosed with an intervertebral hernia and a lesion of the spinal cord, he is sent for surgical intervention.
In specialized clinics for the treatment of neck pain, the following methods are used:
- Manual therapy
- Kinesiology taping
- physical therapy
- massage therapy
- ozone therapy
- plasma therapy
- SVF therapy
- physical therapy
- shock wave therapy
- Interstitial electrical stimulation
Complications of neck pain
Neck pain itself is a symptom, it can not cause complications, but worsen a person's quality of life. But without treating neck pain, its causes can lead to serious consequences. If it is caused by whiplash, then this is fraught with impaired vision, dizziness, post-traumatic arthrosis and neurosis. Cervical osteochondrosis without medical care leads to irreversible damage to the spine and death.
Left untreated, cervical pathology can cause tetraparesis. Initially, the patient feels numbness in the fingers and hands at night or after physical exertion. Then paralysis of the legs gradually begins to develop. It is characterized by numbness in the fingers and impaired gait.
A fracture in the cervical spine can result in nerve root compression and reduced blood flow to the brain. Without a well-chosen treatment regimen, spinal deformities will result. It is accompanied by neurological disorders, disorders of the digestive system and migraine attacks.
Prevent neck pain
To prevent the occurrence of neck pain, you should properly organize the workplace. During sedentary work, it is necessary to take regular breaks and perform several exercises for all parts of the spine and muscle groups. It is also recommended to do gymnastics in the morning.
Many diseases of the cervical spine can be caused by being overweight. Therefore, you should control your weight, eat right, go to the pool and gym. It is advisable to sleep on a medium-firm mattress and use a pillow so that your head is level with your body.