Back pain: diagnosis, treatment and prevention of a symptom
Back pain is a common problem not only among the elderly but also among young people. Unpleasant pain sensations appear as a result of sudden movements, heavy lifting and many other careless movements. However, persistent pain may indicate the presence of a possible disease that requires treatment.
Causes of an unpleasant symptom
According to statistics, about half of the adult population complains of back pain. However, not everyone turns to a highly qualified specialist for help. Since the elasticity of muscles and intervertebral discs decreases significantly over time, this can lead to serious injuries to the spine.
Also often the back hurts from excessive physical exertion:
- Lifting heavy weights regularly;
- Sharp movements during training.
Recently, teenagers, students and young people leading a sedentary lifestyle often complain of back pain. One of the most common causes of back strain is poor, uneven posture. Unfortunately, to this day, poor posture can also be observed among young people, which is a result of the overload in schools.
In addition, inflammatory processes, swelling and possible nerve entrapment often cause symptoms. If your back hurts badly, then you simply cannot do without a visit to the doctor. Of course, you can try to fix the situation yourself at home with the help of folk remedies, safe ointments, pills or therapeutic massage. However, do not forget that self-treatment rarely gives positive end results. In addition, the causes of various symptoms can indicate a serious illness.
Symptoms indicating the presence of the disease
In addition to the fact that the back and back and neck muscles hurt, other unpleasant sensations may appear. If pain occurs during exposure to heavy physical exertion or the manifestation of episodic pain in a calm state, it is necessary to pay attention to the duration of the symptoms. If the discomfort does not go away within 3-5 days, a visit to the doctor is required.
In addition, as a result of a serious illness, one can observe the following symptoms:
- increased body temperature;
- To throw up;
- Excessive or painful urination;
- Severe pain on critical days in women;
- Swelling of the hands, feet, numbness of the lower extremities.
If at least one of the above symptoms is present along with pain in the spine, then urgent hospitalization is required. Due to persistent pain, serious complications can occur - for example, difficult movements of the limbs, shock, confusion, and so on.
The first thing to do
Before the arrival of a specialist, you can take care of pain relief measures at home.
To do this, it is recommended to reduce physical activity. Try to move as little as possible, don't run, walk slowly, steadily and without sudden movements.
The second way is a hot compress. Many experts advise against warming up painful areas for the first two days. A hot bath or compresses (heated salt, alcoholic solutions) can relieve your symptoms. One of the safest options is painkillers.
You should not choose too strong painkiller or antispasmodic pills, especially before the doctor arrives. After all, during palpation, sensitivity can be reduced, and the diagnosis of the disease will be carried out incorrectly.
Worsening pain can cause stress.
Therefore, experts recommend not getting nervous as much as possible and drinking teas based on calming herbs for prevention:
- Valerian and other calming plants.
see a doctor
What can a doctor do if a patient is in constant, severe pain? The first is to find out what is causing the pain in the muscles or joints of the back. This will help find out the presence of serious diseases. If complications are identified, the specialist should issue a referral to a neurologist, rheumatologist and orthopedist. If this is not necessary, the therapist will prescribe the necessary medications, which should include antispasmodics or local anesthetics. He also prescribes physical therapy and massage.
In addition to palpation, which is performed by the therapist, an examination is required, which will allow you to reliably determine the causes of pain and check the presence or absence of a particular disease.
Joint and back diagnostics include:
Various types of tumors can be detected during ultrasound diagnostics or computed tomography, which indicate possible inflammation and even cancer. Edema, growths, damage to bones and muscles are detected by research, since it is almost impossible to identify neoplasms that have appeared during palpation. Therefore, an experienced specialist doctor will definitely refer his patient to an instrumental examination.
Often there are cases when discomfort in the back or joints indicates a possible disease of a nearby organ.
For example, very often people seek treatment for the spinal muscles while the pain was occurring as a result of kidney inflammation.
Pain can also indicate diseases of such organs:
- ovaries (in women), prostate (in men);
Therefore, in order not to violate the body's immunity again with unnecessary drugs and treatments, a comprehensive examination is required.
Prevention of severe pain
In addition to treatment, prevention is necessary, especially in people with a sedentary lifestyle. The first thing you should constantly pay attention to is posture. Try to pay attention to your posture, because correct posture noticeably reduces the strain on the muscles and intervertebral discs. The second is lifting a heavy load. This is especially true for women.
In no case can you lift weights, in addition to injuries to the back and spine, this can cause a hernia. If lifting weights is mandatory, try to keep your back straight and knees bent.
With a permanent sitting position, it is necessary to equip the workplace in such a way that it complies with all occupational health and safety regulations. Do not forget that the distance between the monitor and the eyes should be at least 15 cm, and the screen itself should be placed so that the head is in a straight position. Use a chair or chair that supports your back, preferably with a headrest.
Try exercising. Today on the Internet you can find many examples of exercises for the back muscles, which help to relax and at the same time "wake up" the cartilages and muscles of the spine.
Remember that any pain in the joints or muscles must be treated. If you experience stiffness for more than five days, home treatment is not enough. In addition, you risk ignoring a serious illness.