Is cervical osteochondrosis treatable?
Osteochondrosis of various parts of the spine is known to almost every modern person. The most widespread osteochondrosis of the cervix. The disease begins with mild symptoms that do not cause much inconvenience to the patient. At this stage, treatment of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is not required, it is enough to carry out preventive measures.
With age, cervical osteochondrosis begins to progress and its forms become more serious. In this case, doctors use conservative methods of treatment, but possibly surgical intervention. Independent attempts to cope with the disease can have additional negative consequences. Only specialists will help not only to relieve pain syndrome, but also to normalize the work of the cervical spine.
The main task in osteochondrosis of the neck region is to prevent the further development of the disease and the occurrence of various complications. Achieving the result requires an integrated approach that properly combines medication and physical activity for the neck.
Treatment of cervical osteochondrosis is most often carried out using conservative methods: medication, exercise therapy, manual therapy, physiotherapy and traction. At the first stage, the actions of doctors are aimed at eliminating the pain syndrome with the help of painkillers, then actions to activate the blood supply follow. Only after that you can proceed to physiotherapy and various manual techniques.
The initial stage of treatment for cervical osteochondrosis is aimed at reducing pain and reducing inflammation. Subsequent treatment is aimed at restoring metabolism and blood circulation in the affected area of the spine.
There are the following categories of drugs that have a different direction of action in cervical osteochondrosis:
- Analgesics - help eliminate pain;
- sedative (valerian);
- anti-inflammatory nonsteroidal drugs;
- drugs that reduce vestibular disorders;
- vasodilator drugs;
- chondroprotective drugs - to improve cartilage metabolism;
- diuretics, which help relieve swelling that has developed in the trapped tissues;
- Vitamins, minerals and general nutritional supplements.
There are four ways to use drugs to treat osteochondrosis: internal, external, intravenous and intramuscular. The most common are drugs in the form of tablets, which are used in various forms of the disease. With severe pain, the doctor may prescribe intravenous or intramuscular injections, which will quickly deliver the drug to the site of inflammation.
Treatment of cervical osteochondrosis with ointments or gels is effective only with mild inflammation. The popularity of using ointments for osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is explained by their availability, low cost, lack of contraindications and an almost unlimited number of courses.
All physiotherapeutic procedures for the treatment of spinal osteochondrosis are based on the use of physical factors: ultrasound, magnetic fields, low-frequency currents, lasers, ultraviolet rays. Phonophoresis or electrophoresis deliver drugs faster and more efficiently than ingestion or topical administration. Their effectiveness is explained by the fact that the effect occurs on the foci of inflammation, and healthy tissues and organs are not affected. This method has practically no contraindications or side effects.
The main purpose of these procedures is to relieve pain and inflammation. In addition, physiotherapy helps to activate atrophied muscles, restore normal blood circulation and relieve swelling of the affected areas of the cervical spine. With the use of physiotherapeutic methods, the treatment time is accelerated many times over.
Special techniques of physical influence, such as friction, pressure and vibration, are the basis of manual therapy. One of the most common methods of manual therapy is massage, which should only be performed by specialists. Otherwise, ignorance of anatomy can lead to undesirable consequences, the elimination of which may even require surgical intervention.
The massage is aimed at eliminating muscle spasms, relieving muscle tension and improving blood supply. This, in turn, helps reduce pain and other manifestations of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine.
All physical therapy exercises are carried out only after the pain syndrome has subsided. Regular training allows you to develop neck muscles, increase their plasticity, improve blood circulation in tissues, form a muscular corset and significantly reduce the load on the spine. Therapeutic gymnastics consists of a series of exercises specifically aimed at building muscle without affecting the intervertebral discs.
Physical exercises are an excellent tool not only for treatment, but also for the prevention of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine. They should be carried out regardless of the appearance of the first signs of the disease. In addition, exercise therapy can significantly slow down the age-related changes in the cervical spine. The main requirement for a positive result is to conduct classes only under the guidance of a doctor and a trainer who will help you perform the exercises correctly and fix the load.
One of the effective methods of eliminating pain in the treatment of osteochondrosis of the cervical spine is traction. It consists in using a load of different strengths, which is selected individually. The procedure requires special equipment that increases the intervertebral space, restores the correct shape of the spine and reduces pain.
If all of the above methods of conservative treatment do not bring results, doctors resort to surgical intervention. It helps prevent the progression of spinal diseases. The extent of surgical intervention directly depends on the symptoms of the disease, the characteristics and extent of damage to the areas of the cervical spine.
Only comprehensive and timely treatment not only improves the functioning of the intervertebral discs, but also restores their normal condition. The duration of treatment is determined individually, based on the existing inflammatory process and the degree of damage to the cervical spine. The effectiveness of overcoming the disease directly depends on the conscientious implementation of all the instructions of the attending physician.