How to treat osteoarthritis of the knee at home

Knee massage for arthritis

Treatment of osteoarthritis of the knee joint at home is aimed at preventing the progression of the disease, stopping unpleasant symptoms and preventing the occurrence of complications. It includes complex activities - taking medicines, using folk remedies, massage, exercises. All measures must be discussed with the doctor beforehand.

Important recommendations

Arthrosis of the knee joint (gonarthrosis) is characterized by a metabolic disorder in the cartilage tissue, its exhaustion and functional limitation. It is manifested by severe pain in the knee area, swelling and reddening of the skin. Getting rid of unpleasant symptoms requires an integrated approach.

In addition to the main methods of therapy mentioned above, the patient's diet plays a major role. He must prefer foods rich in:

  • calcium (hard cheese, dairy products, milk, sesame);
  • B vitamins (pasta, muesli, baked goods);
  • vitamin D (liver, oily fish, nuts, butter, egg yolks);
  • vegetable fiber (fresh vegetables, fruits, greens, cereals).

These substances are necessary to maintain the density and elasticity of the cartilage structures. And the more of these that get into the body, the lower the risk of disease progression. But in addition to these elements, it is also necessary to ensure that enough water enters the body. It promotes the elimination of salts, which also accumulate in the joints and provoke an aggravation of arthrosis. It is recommended to consume about 2-3 liters of fluids per day. And it doesn't have to be drinking water. It can be replaced with herbal teas, compotes, fruit drinks, etc.

But before starting a therapeutic diet, you must first cleanse the body. In addition, only raw vegetables and rice should be consumed for 3 days. It is allowed to drink decoctions of nettle, horsetail, juniper.

It is also useful to include gelatin in the diet. It contains a large amount of collagen. The body can produce this substance itself, but with arthrosis its synthesis is disturbed, which leads to a decrease in the density and elasticity of the cartilage. Therefore, patients with gonarthrosis are also recommended to use jelly, aspic, jellies daily.

Talking about how to cure osteoarthritis of the knee joint at home, it is also necessary to talk about the limitations. With this disease it is strictly forbidden to drink strong coffee, alcohol, fatty, salty and smoked foods.

Since the patient with this disease is often afraid of pain in the knee, he tries to reduce physical activity. And it is undesirable to do this. Of course, during periods of exacerbation, when the pain syndrome is severe, the joint needs to be provided with rest. But as the symptoms subside, you need to gradually increase the load. Hiking, biking, swimming, yoga are recommended. Regular exercise helps maintain and strengthen the motor functions of the joint.

Medical treatment

If you ask a doctor how to treat osteoarthritis of the knee, he will undoubtedly prescribe several drugs at once. Some are used to stop the clinical manifestations of the disease, others to prevent the progression and occurrence of complications.

Important! It is impossible to make a decision about taking this or that drug yourself. Incorrect dosage or a long duration of treatment can lead to side effects and a sharp deterioration in well-being.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

These preparations do not contain any hormonal substances. They contain components that slow down the synthesis of prostaglandins - enzymes that provoke inflammatory processes in the body. Their suppression contributes to the subsidence of inflammation in tissues, therefore the clinical manifestations of the disease also become less pronounced. But in addition to the anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects, NSAIDs also have an antipyretic effect.

These drugs help to quickly get rid of joint pain, but their effect depends on the type of drug itself. The action of some drugs is more aimed at relieving inflammatory reactions, others - at eliminating pain.

Although NSAIDs help to cope with the clinical manifestations of osteoarthritis, they do not cure the disease. As soon as the inflammatory reactions in the joint stop, ingestion

  • Such drugs should stop, since their long-term use can provoke a number of side effects:
  • the water balance may be disturbed, which will eventually lead to dehydration of the cartilage tissue and the progression of the disease;
  • Oral intake of NSAIDs has a negative effect on the stomach, which can ultimately lead to problems with the gastrointestinal tract and the development of peptic ulcer, gastritis.
  • the effect exerted by these drugs leads to a decrease in the rate of blood flow in the kidneys, which is fraught with the development / aggravation of kidney diseases and the appearance of problems with the urinary system;
  • The load on the heart and blood vessels also increases, which ultimately leads to thrombosis, stroke and heart attack.

Important! Since NSAIDs can cause serious health problems, their use should be strictly after consulting a doctor. Do not exceed the daily dose or treatment duration.

chondroprotectors

With arthrosis of the knee joint, taking chondroprotectors is also mandatory. Unlike NSAIDs, these drugs not only help reduce the severity of the clinical manifestations of the disease, but also have a therapeutic effect. They are considered relatively safe and have no serious side effects. However, this does not mean that they can be taken uncontrollably. The dosage and duration of treatment specified by the doctor must be observed.

The main effect of chondroprotectors is that they help restore damaged structures. Under their influence, there is an improvement in blood circulation in the pathological zone, an increase in the synthesis of synovial fluid and an increase in its quality.

However, it should be noted that these drugs do not have an immediate effect. To get a positive result from them, you need to take chondroprotectors for a long time. On average, the duration of treatment with such drugs is 6-12 months.

The therapeutic effect of drugs is noted only at stages 1 and 2 of gonarthrosis. In stage 3, the cartilage tissue is no longer subject to regeneration, since it is practically destroyed. Therefore, taking chondroprotectors in this case is pointless.

There are several types of these drugs - chondroitin sulfate and glucosamine. They are not prescribed together as they weaken each other.

home remedies

Treatment of arthrosis of the knee joint at home, in addition to medication, involves the use of alternative medicine. They help reduce inflammation, relieve pain, and improve motor skills.

Decoctions and infusions for oral administration

In order to heal gonarthrosis, conventional medicine offers an effect on the diseased area from the inside with the following means:

  • Dandelion flowers. They taste bitter but effectively manage inflammation. For osteoarthritis, it is recommended to use them fresh up to 5 pieces at a time and chew them carefully. The number of procedures - 1-2 times a day.
  • Golden mustache. An alcohol tincture is made from it. It is prepared as follows: 15 knees of the plant are poured with 0. 5 liters of medicinal alcohol and kept in a dark place for 14 days. Once the remedy is ready, it is filtered. Take 1 tbsp. l. before every meal.
  • Apple Cider Vinegar. In this case, 6% vinegar is required. Its in the amount of 2 tbsp. l. diluted in a glass of water and drunk in several doses. Such a tool perfectly removes salts from the body, which will help prevent the aggravation and progression of the disease.
  • Gelatin. Restores cartilage tissue, acts as chondroprotectors. It is taken as follows - 1 tbsp. l. Gelatin is diluted in 50 ml of warm water. The ingredients must be thoroughly mixed, and the resulting mixture should be drunk before meals. Repeat 2-3 times a day.
  • Cranberry. An infusion is made from this. To do this, take 2-3 tbsp. l. Berries (previously washed under running water), pour 1 liter of boiling water and insist 1 hour. After that, the resulting volume of liquid is divided into 4 equal parts and consumed before each meal.
  • Strawberry. In this case, not berries are used, but the leaves of the plant. They are pre-washed, dried and crushed. Then take 2 tbsp. l. prepared raw materials, pour 0. 5 liters of water and simmer for 15 minutes. The broth is filtered and consumed throughout the day when thirsty.
  • Onion. To make homemade medicine from it, you need to chop 2 onions (no need to peel) and pour water so that it completely covers the raw materials. Then the container is put on a slow fire and boiled for about 1 hour. After that, the broth is filtered and taken 250 ml before each meal.
  • Potentilla and cinquefoil roots. Plants are combined in crushed form in equal proportions. After that, they are poured with vodka in a ratio of 2: 1. Leave the remedy in a dark place for 21 days, after which it is filtered. Accepted tincture of 1 tbsp. l. 2-3 times a day before meals.

compressed

The home treatment of gonarthrosis also includes the use of compresses, which quickly alleviate the symptoms. Among all the recipes offered by traditional medicine, the following are the most effective:

Sea-salt. It perfectly eliminates swelling and pain in the joint. Before applying a compress, the salt is heated in a dry pan, after which it is placed in a linen bag and applied to the affected area. Keep the compress until the salt has cooled. If it is not at hand, it can be replaced with ordinary sand. It also needs to be preheated.

Burdock - recipe number 1. The area of \u200b\u200bthe affected joint is lubricated with vegetable oil (both olive and sunflower oil can be used). 2-3 fresh leaves of young burdock are placed on top with the underside to the skin. But first they need to be warmed up. To do this, the leaves are placed in hot water (not boiling water! ) for a few minutes. The final stage of fixing the compress is applying a warm bandage, which is left all night.

Burdock - recipe number 2. In this case, compresses are put for 4 days. On the first day of treatment, burdock leaf juice is used. It is mixed with medicinal alcohol in a 1: 1 ratio. In the resulting solution, moisten a gauze pad and apply to the affected area. Polyethylene is necessarily put on top and put on a warm bandage. On the second day of treatment, burdock juice with alcohol is also used, only now a little honey is added. On the third day, the compress is placed as follows: you take a burdock leaf, put chopped garlic on it, and then apply it to the sore knee. And on the fourth day, the painful area is smeared with Vishnevsky's ointment, a burdock leaf is put on it and a bandage is applied. Compresses are kept for 2-3 hours. Carry out such procedures in the same order for 2 months.

cabbage leaf. It is washed under running water, smeared with natural honey and applied to the diseased joint. Polyethylene is also put on it and a bandage is applied. Keep the compress on all night.

shit root. It is pre-crushed and poured a glass of water in an amount of 200 g. The resulting composition is boiled over low heat for 30 minutes. After that, moisten a gauze napkin in the broth until cool and apply to the diseased area. A bandage is applied over it. Also keep the compress on all night.

dimexide. This drug is sold in every pharmacy. It is cheap. Before use, it is diluted with water in a 1: 1 ratio. In the resulting solution, gauze is moistened and applied to the joint. A bandage is applied over it. The compress is kept for 2-3 hours. It's best to do it before bed.

Rub

To get rid of pain and swelling, you can rub the knee at home. Well suited for these purposes:

  • Raw egg yolk, turpentine, apple cider vinegar. The last ingredients are taken in 1 tbsp. l. Everything is thoroughly mixed and the knee is treated with the resulting composition. The product is rubbed with light circular movements for 5-10 minutes. After the procedure, the remnants of the product should not be washed off. The joint must be isolated with a bandage.
  • vegetable fat. Before the treatment procedure, it is heated and only after that they start rubbing it into the diseased joint. According to patient reviews, after 5-7 days after such procedures, the pain subsides, and the swelling becomes much less.

gymnastics

Arthrosis of the knee joint must be treated at home not only with medicines and folk remedies, but also with gymnastics. It allows you to strengthen tendons and cartilage, improve motor functions and stop the progression of the disease. Therapeutic exercises should ideally be carried out in specialized institutions under the supervision of specialists. But if that's not possible, it really is possible to do it at home. The following exercises can be taken as a basis:

  1. You need to sit on a hard surface so your feet don't touch the ground. The limbs should hang down. They must perform up and down movements as if swinging on a swing. The amplitude of movements should not exceed 10 cm, the exercise should be performed for 10 minutes.
  2. When you sit on a chair or sofa, you need to put your feet on the floor. You need to lift the heel and lean on the toe. In this position you need to dwell for 5-7 seconds, and then return to the starting position. The number of repetitions is at least 20.
  3. This exercise is identical to the one above. Only in this case it is not the heel that rises, but the toe.
  4. It is necessary to get on all fours and gently walk on the floor in this position. This exercise is allowed to be done only during the period of stable remission, when there is no pronounced pain syndrome.

massage

To alleviate the patient's condition, you can independently perform a massage. But you must remember that all movements must be accurate. Do not press hard on the affected area.

At the beginning, light blows are given along the knee joint with the flat hand. This ensures improved blood flow to the affected area and its warming. Then light blows are performed by the fingers of the other hand, which are pressed tightly to the kneecap, causing the pressed palm to move. Thus, all nearby tissues are worked out. Remember that initially all movements should be weak. The pressure is gradually increased.

With home massage, the main effect lies in the following points:

  • below the kneecap at a distance of 8 cm;
  • the central part of the posterior surface of the joint;
  • the area between the knee and shin.

Important! During the massage, the patient may feel slight pain. It is in order. But if there is a strong pain syndrome, either reduce the pressure, or stop massaging altogether.

It must be understood that osteoarthritis of the knee joint is a serious disease that can lead to disability. Its treatment is lengthy and requires a lot of effort. In this case, all activities should be discussed with the attending physician. Only if all actions are performed correctly, you can quickly get rid of unpleasant symptoms and avoid complications.

19.02.2022