What can cause joint pain
Joint pain can be found in a variety of different diseases, causing not only discomfort to patients, but also serious problems related to the musculoskeletal system.
Experts state that problems of this type are present in the life of almost every second person over the age of 40, and by the time they reach 70 years of age, about 90% of the population is concerned about joint pain. But what to do when your joints hurt? There is only one answer: immediately contact a qualified specialist who will diagnose you and prescribe the necessary therapy to eliminate the cause of the pain, and not just the symptoms.
Let's mention that the joint is called the mobile connection of the bones of the skeleton, they are present in the limbs and in other parts of the body. Their movement is due to tendons and muscles. Let's take a closer look at why such pain occurs, and also consider how to get rid of it.
causes of pain
Various pathological processes are often formed in the joints, namely, inflammation, rupture, sprains and much more. Pain can also appear due to some diseases, but they will be discussed a little later. Here are the main risk groups:
- Aging. People whose age exceeds the mark of 40-50 years, as already mentioned, have problems of this type much more often. This largely depends on the slowing down of metabolic processes in the joints.
- genetic predisposition. It has been found that people whose close relatives suffer from arthritis, osteoarthritis or other diseases that manifest themselves in joint pain are much more likely to experience this manifestation.
- congenital anomalies. Congenital defects can be associated with the joints, so for obvious reasons pain or other serious injuries appear in them.
- overweight. Being overweight puts a lot of strain on the joints.
- Excessive load. If you are a competitive athlete or your work involves regular physical exertion, joint pain is unavoidable.
Also, the cause of such manifestations can be considered a problem associated with impaired blood circulation in the shell of the composition. Thus, the regeneration process of all cartilage tissues deteriorates, which leads to the gradual destruction of articular cartilage and even damage to the bone itself. This can also affect adjacent muscles and other joints.
Poor nutrition can also have a negative impact on the condition of your joints. If this is the problem, a qualified specialist will prescribe you a special diet. Such nutrition should be of an individual nature, but in any case it will have a high content of calcium, boron, silicon, as well as zinc and phosphorus.
As strange as it may seem, joint pain can occur as a result of a sedentary lifestyle. The fact is that in the absence of a sufficient number of movements, the production of synovial fluid decreases, metabolic processes are seriously disturbed, and, as a result, the joints begin to ache.
Notice! In the vast majority of situations, all the risk groups and causes described above are just additional problems, and the real reason for the appearance of the pain itself lies precisely in the development of a specific disease. Let's look at the main diseases that can underlie such disorders.
What diseases can cause joint pain?
Here is a list of the most common complaints.
Everyone has probably heard of this condition, as arthritis is a collective term that includes all diseases that can cause joint pain. The disease can form in different ways, therefore either one or several joints are affected at once. Symptoms of arthritis include:
- Significant increase in body temperature;
- The appearance of swelling near tissues;
- The appearance of a feeling of heaviness during movements.
Gout is a chronic disease characterized by the occurrence of disorders related to purine metabolism. When this inflammatory process flares up (exacerbations), neighboring joints are also affected, and after a certain time the entire body can even be affected by the disease. Pain in gout is sharp and intense.
This joint disease is also very common. The essence of this disease lies in the fact that in the elderly, the elastic cartilage, which should protect the joint, begins to harden and, as a result, loses elasticity and wears out. As a result, the tendons and ligaments begin to stretch and severe pain occurs. Absolutely all joints can be exposed to the disease, from the fingers to the shoulders and spine. To eliminate this pathological process, consult a doctor, lose weight and, if possible, reduce the load on the inflamed joint. This pathology has the following characteristic symptoms:
- hypersensitivity of the affected area;
- The appearance of "bumps" on the bones.
Osteoarthritis is another common condition that can cause joint pain. Such a violation is usually attributed to degenerative-dystrophic pathologies that extend to the cartilaginous tissue. Osteoarthritis is only observed in large joints, namely in the hip, knee and upper arm or ankle joint. The development of this disease occurs very slowly, over time the patient notices a slight crunch and periodic pain in the joint. At the same time, microcracks appear on the cartilage, and its surface becomes rough, as a result of which it is completely destroyed, and the joint loses mobility and becomes stiff.
Such a disease is in many ways similar to arthritis, but an experienced specialist will never confuse it. Bursitis refers to an inflammatory process localized in the synovial bags, that is, in the bursae.
Bursitis can be triggered by any injury. It is always accompanied by the following symptoms:
- Strong stiffness of movements;
- Constant discomfort in the joints.
Osteoporosis is a chronic progressive metabolic disease characterized by a significant decrease in mean bone mineral density. Osteoporosis is common in women after menopause. Joint pain is one of the main symptoms.
Notice! You should not try to make a diagnosis yourself, but contact a qualified specialist who will not only examine you and listen to you, but also prescribe the necessary diagnostic study.
Thus, it will be possible to quickly and competently diagnose, and therefore prescribe treatment. If you try to identify the problem yourself and start self-treatment, the risk of error is extremely high, and therefore you will only worsen the condition of your joints and lose valuable time, which will significantly complicate the treatment process in the future .
As already mentioned, in order to determine the causes of pain in joints, it is imperative to consult a specialist.
The examination of the body can be entrusted to a therapist, orthopedist, as well as a traumatologist, surgeon or rheumatologist. If another doctor is treating the condition you have been diagnosed with, you will simply be referred to them.
The following types of laboratory and instrumental research are carried out (the specialist selects only the most necessary of them on the basis of consultation, as well as previous diagnostic procedures, if any):
- General and biochemical blood tests;
- immunological examination;
- Conducting an antistreptolysin test;
- radiography with or without contrast media;
- Computer or even magnetic resonance imaging;
- taking a sample of synovial fluid;
- biopsy and more.
You must provide the doctor with information about the clinical picture and the presence of other chronic or contagious diseases. They mention everything that can be associated with pain localized in the joints. This will significantly speed up the diagnostic process.
As already mentioned, when pain appears, it is important to resort to complex treatment, that is, it is necessary to eliminate not only the pain itself, but also the root cause of this symptom. Because of this, the treatment process is different for each disease. Here are the basic rules that doctors recommend for almost all violations of this type (consult a specialist to observe them, since each disease is individual):
- Go for a gentle regimen. If the pain in the joints becomes very severe, then you can repair the damaged joint with ordinary bandages, and in some cases, if everything is so serious, even a plaster cast is used.
- Apply ice to injuries. If a joint is damaged due to injury, it must be treated with ice until contact with a traumatologist. But in no case should you apply this advice to diseases, as this can only aggravate the process. If you don't have ice, you can use something else, e. g. B. a container with cold water.
- Use nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Drugs of this type can help to significantly relieve pain in the joints, but should only be used for a short time, otherwise side effects can occur. It should also only be used when there is a recommendation from a specialist, otherwise everything else can lead to the same side effects. Drugs of this type affect the inflammatory process and the resulting swelling. These medicines can be given as injections, as well as tablets or ointments. All nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs also have their own contraindications, which in no case should be neglected. Read the instructions carefully!
- If necessary, use chondroprotectors. Almost all chondroprotectors are quite effective in joint diseases, especially if you start taking them at the initial stage of the development of the disease and in combination with other drugs, the list of which depends on the specific disease. In no case should you save on health, although chondroprotectors are quite expensive. Take them when you need them!
- Use folk remedies to relieve symptoms. There is a lot of controversy and different points of view regarding the use of folk remedies in the treatment of diseases and disorders. In fact, the use of folk remedies may even make sense, but only with the consent of the attending physician and as an integral part of complex therapy.
Important! Unfortunately, not all diseases can be cured well with conservative means. Sometimes serious surgery may be required, which doctors only perform in cases where there are simply no other options.
However, you should not refuse or hesitate about surgical intervention, since the disease can progress, and therefore it becomes much more difficult to get rid of it.
The use of folk remedies
Let's look at the process of using some of the most common folk remedies:
- Tincture of burdock leaves. Freshly picked burdock leaves need to be crushed in a meat grinder and douse with alcohol, then leave for a week. You can use this tincture both as a rub and as a compress, it can relieve pain in many cases.
- soda baths. Such baths will help with problems with hands or fingers. Just add soda to warm water to relieve pain and discomfort and slightly reduce the inflammatory process.
- Compress made from a decoction of bay leaf. This folk remedy is great for problems related to the hip joint. Take eight bay leaves and fill them with 200 ml of ordinary water, bring to a boil and wait 5 minutes, then remove the future compress from the stove and wait for it to cool. Now you can moisten the gauze cut in this decoction and apply it to the joints.
Notice! As you can imagine, such folk remedies will not help you fight the cause of joint pain, so it is forbidden to use folk remedies as the main treatment.
Not all of these funds are sufficiently effective and, if necessary, relieve symptoms, so it is important to discuss the possibility of their use with a specialist.
In addition to using medicines and folk remedies in the treatment process, it is important to adjust lifestyle. You should, first of all, normalize sleep and devote a lot of time to rest. If possible, you should give up sedentary work and move more, this will minimize pain, but you should not put critical and unusual loads on the joints. Start swimming and it should not be considered a professional sport, swim to keep your body in good shape.
The whole point of the preventive measures is to follow the simplest rules, but they can significantly help and prevent joint problems. Experts recommend starting with exercise, but it shouldn't be a professional sport, it's important to just start exercising more. Half-hour courses that take place two to three times a week can also have an excellent effect.
Preventive measures are closely related to the rules of nutrition. It is only necessary to use products that contain useful microelements, macroelements, as well as protein and vitamins.
If you already have discomfort in the area of \u200b\u200bthe joints, you should immediately contact a qualified specialist who will help you identify and fix the problem.